Calandra Italian American Institute at CUNY
Calandra Italian American Institute at CUNY, 25 W 43rd Street; 17th floor, New York, NY 10036
Events at this location
Film screening and discussion with
Film screening and discussion with Giorgio Treves (filmmaker), Ernest Ialongo (Hostos College, CUNY) and Nina Valbousquet (Fordham University)
1938 – Diversi (2018), By Giorgio Treves
Produced by Tangram Film/Roberto Levi and Carolina Levi, in collaboration with Sky Arte, Piemonte Film Fund, MiBACT, AB Groupe e AAMOD
“Fascism can still return under the most innocent appearance. Our duty is to unmask it and to point to each of its new forms – every day, in every part of the world”. Umberto Eco
1938 – 2018: Eighty years ago, the King of Italy and Mussolini signed the so-called Racial Laws. According to them, Italians were a pure race and the Jews, who had lived in Italy for almost 2000 years, were not to be considered Italian. Jews were therefore stripped of the civil rights, professions, right to education, all forms of presence in public life, books, culture, right to ownership, to conduct business, to provide goods and services and so forth. Jews who did not have Italian citizenship or had acquired it after 1919 were ordered to leave the country.
The political conditions that led to the racial persecution in Italy and the reasons why the Italian people with rare exception did not oppose it and in fact participated in it at all levels of society, have long been the subject of research, literature, film and public debate.
Giorgio Treves’ new documentary, “1938 DIVERSI,” revisits the promulgation of the laws in the context of Italian Fascism as well as focusing on the recollection of that period by Jews and non-Jews. As the director explains, “The film is born of a profound need to know, understand and make known. These events, albeit in different ways, repeat themselves and threaten our future. I sought to waive the official voice of History with micro-histories, personal stories, and testimonies. The film works on different levels, on one side seeking to reconstruct and teach history, on the other to stimulate reflection and awareness through an emotional approach.”
Giorgio Treves was born in 1945 in New York. He has worked in theater, cinema and television and has been assistant director to Francesco Rosi, Vittorio De Sica and Luchino Visconti. Mr. Treves directed over a dozen films including: “K-Z” (1972, Academy Award nomination); Ashes for Sister Flynn (1982, based on James Joyce’s The Dubliners); The Devil’s Tail (1986, David di Donatello); Rosa and Cornelia (2000); The Paths of the Recherche, Luchino Visconti (2006).