3Oct6:00 pm- 8:00 pmThe Italian Executioners: The Genocide of the Jews of Italy365 5th Ave, New York, NY 10016 - Room C201/C2026:00 pm - 8:00 pm Italian Jewish Studies Seminar:Italian Jewish Studies Seminar
Book talk with Simon Levis Sullam
Book talk with Simon Levis Sullam (University of Venice Ca’ Foscari)
“The Italian Executioners: The Genocide of the Jews of Italy” (Princeton University Press, 2018)
In conversation with Alexander Stille (Columbia) and Federico Finchelstein (The New School for Social Research)
Sponsored by the Center for Jewish Studies at The Graduate Center in collaboration with the History PhD Program and Centro Primo Levi NY. Free admission. Reserve your seat at this link.
Simon Levis Sullam examines the political and social context as well as case studies in which Italians took active part in the persecution of the Jews.
«The evening of Saturday, December 5, 1943, a few hours before the raid that led to the arrest of over 170 Jewish men, women and children, the young pianist Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli held a concert at the La Fenice Theater. The following day, a few hours after the Jews were provisionally handed over to local prisons, the city’s soccer team held a match. The arrests had occurred overnight, in a city shrouded in a cold winter darkness. While the genocide of the Jews began in Venice, days flowed as always, in an indissoluble interweaving of life and death: the prefect who had given the order to arrest the Jews had perhaps then attended the concert of Benedetti Michelangeli. And those among the policemen or the fascist volunteers who had participated in the arrests, a few hours later had gone to the stadium to watch the Sunday soccer match at the St. Elena stadium.»
In his conclusions, Levis Sullam notes that «No one [of the Italian executioners] was tried in the post-war period for participation in the anti-Jewish politics of fascism: neither the one dating back to 1938 nor the persecution of Italian Social Republic […]. Generally, the persecution of the Jews was not considered a crime or a specific fault, nor an aggravating factor of other crimes, in the broader context of an overall underestimation of the responsibilities of Italian fascism of the Monarchic period and of Salò”
As well explained – among others – by historian Claudio Pavone, the continuity between monarchic and fascist state on one side and republican-democratic post-fascist state on the other, prevailed over discontinuity. Examples are the so-called Togliatti amnesty of June 1946 or the behavior in post-war trials of the Italian judiciary which “remained largely exempt from judgment [and] therefore in absolute continuity with its fascist past.
“Even if we only look at the racist policies of fascism,” Levis Sullam observes, “it is clear that members of the justice system who was directly involved in the application of racial laws, in the post-war period continued their careers with honors […]”. Among various cases the author examines, is “Gaetano Azzariti who, former president of the Court of the race from 1938 to 1943, was Minister of Justice in the Badoglio government, head of the Legislative Office in the Togliatti government, and happily concluded his career as president of the Constitutional Court in the 1950s.
Simon Levis Sullam is associate professor of Modern History at the University of Venice Ca’ Foscari. He has been research fellow of the Fondazione Einaudi in Turin, at the Italian Academy, Columbia University, New York, at UC Berkeley, and at Oxford where he also taught modern European history. He was an adjunct professor at the University of Siena. In 2016-17 Levis Sullam was Polonsky Fellow as co-chair of the Seminar in Advanced Jewish Studies at the Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies of the University of Oxford. Levis Sullam’s areas of specialization include: Italian history between the Nineteenth and the Twentieth century; Jewish history; the history of anti-Semitism and of the Holocaust. His interests also include the history of historiography and questions of historical method.
The series continues with a
The series continues with a panel discussion that explores the experience of two Italian artists: Corrado Cagli and Costantino Nivola, who fled Fascist Italy for America and whose experience of exile become a platform to reflect upon art, cross-fertilization, and creativity.
Panelists: Giuliana Altea and Raffaele Bedarida.
Costantino Nivola and Corrado Cagli came from very different backgrounds. Nivola, from rural Sardinia, was the son of a mason, Cagli from Ancona and Rome was born into an urban and assimilated Jewish family. They shared a minority origin and the enthusiasm for participating in public life through the means of art.
While Cagli was successfully integrated into the Fascist cultural world, Nivola navigated, with equal success, milieux of mild political dissent. In 1938, the promulgation of the Racial Laws brought them both to America. Cagli had become an outcast because of his Jewishness and Nivola had frictions with the regime due to his antifascist leanings; he had also married a German Jewish woman, Ruth Guggenheim, and left Italy with her. In their new country, Cagli and Nivola found themselves among exiled artists from various countries: Gropius, Albers, Breuer, Moholy Nagy, Balanchine, Rieti, Steinberg, and many others. Cagli joins the ranks of the US Army where he confronts the horrors of the war and the Shoah. Nivola mingles with other antifascist exiles, the like of Modigliani, Toscanini, Salvemini, and Borgese. During their exile, Costantino Nivola and Corrado Cagli, each one in his own way, acted as cultural bridges between their country of origin and the US.
Giuliana Altea is an associate professor at the University of Sassari. The main focus of her research is on Italian art and applied arts of the first half of the twentieth century, on the relationship between architecture and visual arts after World War II, and on artistic exchanges between Italy and the United States in the 20th century. She has also been involved in the international debate on the integration of architecture and the visual arts, the so-called “synthesis of the arts”. Following her studies on one of the protagonists of this movement, the Italian-American sculptor Costantino Nivola – on which she has published an extensive monograph with Antonella Camarda (Nivola, The Synthesis of the Arts, Ilisso, Nuoro 2015) – Altea became president of the Nivola Foundation. In this role, in addition to curating with Antonella Camarda and Richard Ingersoll the new museum project of the Nivola Museum in Orani, Sardinia, she continued to explore the role of Nivola in the transatlantic scenario of the synthesis of the arts.
Raffaele Bedarida holds a PhD from the Art History Department of the CUNY Graduate Center, New York as well as MA and BA degrees in Art History from the Università degli Studi di Siena, Italy. He is an art historian and curator specializing in art, politics, and cultural diplomacy between Europe and America. His publications have focused on Italian Modernism from Futurism to Arte Povera in the international context. Since 2008, when he founded and curated the residency program Harlem Studio Fellowship in New York, he has actively promoted programs of international exchange for emerging artists. In addition to his academic and curatorial activities, Bedarida has regularly lectured on modern and contemporary art topics at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and MoMA. After three years as an adjunct, Bedarida joined Cooper Union full-time faculty in September 2016.
11Oct2:00 pm- 4:00 pmAntisemitism, Racism, and Genocide. The Question of Liberty.Johnson/Kaplan 66 West 12th - Klein Conference Room - 5102:00 pm - 4:00 pm Italian Jewish Studies Seminar:Italian Jewish Studies Seminar
Manuela Consonni (The Hebrew University
Manuela Consonni (The Hebrew University and Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism). Introduced and moderated by Federico Finchelstein (The New School for Social Research).
Copresented by the History Department at Eugene Lang College, the New School for Social Research and The Janey Program in Latin American Studies. Free admission
Through a re-reading of seminal reflections by Levinas, Arendt, Horkheimer, Adorno, and Cassirer, the seminar explores the question of antisemitism, racism, and genocide, as a symptom of a fracture in Western history and its alleged civilization. As noted in Françoise Collin’s inspiring essay, this fracture requires an analysis of the conditions and possibility of a shared world. While the extermination of the Jews stands in the background of their analysis of antisemitism, these thinkers go further in the investigation of the political and cultural aspect of the nation-state and the coercive character of state sovereignty. The seminar will address not only the obvious case of the totalitarian system but also the less obvious one of the liberal democratic system.
Manuela Consonni is the Pela and Adam Starkopf Chair in Holocaust Studies at the Department of Jewish History and Contemporary Jewry of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She is the the director of the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism. She is the author of Resistance or Holocaust: The Memory of the Deportation and Extermination in Italy, 1945-1985 (Magnes Press, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem 2010, Hebrew) and L’eclisse dell’antifascismo. Resistenza, questione ebraica e cultura politica in Italia dal 1943 al 1989 (Laterza Publisher 2015) that was awarded the 2016 Polonsky Prize for Originality and Novelty in the Humanities. She is working on a forthcoming book on Julius Evola, Spiritual antisemitism and the Modern Political Myth. Consonni is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journals: Rassegna Mensile di Israel, Roma and Studies in Antisemitism, Indiana University Press and the editor, with Martina Weisz of The Vidal Sassoon Studies in Antisemitism, Racism and Prejudice, for De Gruyter Publishing House.
This series of programs marks the eightieth anniversary of the promulgation of the racial laws in Italy.
A collaboration of Centro Primo Levi with NYU Casa Italiana Zerilli Marimò and Department of Italian, The New School for Social Research, Eugene Lang College and the Columbia Seminar for Modern Italian Studies.
Reading and panel discussion on
Reading and panel discussion on Elsa Morante’s La Storia (History, a Novel). In Italian with English translation.
Organized by Centro Primo Levi and the Italian Cultural Institute on the 80th anniversary of the promulgation of the Racial Laws and the 75th anniversary of the deportation of the Jews of Rome. Free admission
“An indictment against all the fascisms of the world. And an urgent, desperate plea addressed to everyone for a possible common awakening.”
La Storia -a towering example of literature’s power to convey the unraveling and emotional impact of historical events- chronicles, among much else, the effects of the Race Laws on daily life in Rome.
Featuring Giorgio Montefoschi, Angela Borghesi. Moderated by Alessandro Cassin. Reading by Olek Mincer.
When Elsa Morante published La Storia in 1974, it hit Italy like a storm, quickly becoming the most talked about book of the year.
In the first year, it sold, in Italy alone, a record 800,000 copies (at a time when a successful novel rarely sold more than 100,000 copies).
The book literally spellbound its readers.
Morante insisted to publish the book directly as a paperback at a popular price. For the cover, she insisted on a detail from an iconic Robert Capa image of a dead antifascist during the Spanish Civil War. Under the photo, she placed the phrase: “Uno scandalo che dura da diecimila anni.”
“A scandal that has lasted for ten thousand years”
To precisely which scandal is she referring to?
When the novel was published in English in 1977, Morante was so upset that the American edition lacked a warning paragraph, that she tried to rectify it by consenting to a simultaneous edition for the Franklyn Library First Edition Society in which she wrote a long message to the members of FFE Society.
“In the original Italian Edition, this novel, under its title History, bears the following subtitle: A scandal that has lasted for ten thousand years. These words already define the theme which the novel then develops and orchestrates. […] Glancing through any summary of World History, one discovers immediately that the vast course of human events, despite its upheaval and unevenness, displays a landscape of obsessive monotony. Historiography, no matter how much it explores, finds everywhere the same, unceasing scandal. Remote or near, every human society is discovered as a tormented field, where a squad performs violence and a throng suffers it […]
In Italy, the novel turned out to be a cultural and literary scandal, quickly dividing readers into those who hailed it as a masterpiece and those who objected to it on ideological grounds.
Before La Storia, Morante had not published a novel since L’Isola di Arturo (Arturo’s Island) in 1957. While working on La Storia, she did not give details to her publishers, husband, friends or colleagues except to say, “I am writing a novel for the illiterate.” The book, in fact, bears as an opening quotation a line from the Peruvian poet Cesar Vallejo, “Por el analfabeto a quien escribo“ (“To the illiterate for whom I write”).
A second quotation from the Gospel of Luke reads “… thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes… for so it seemed good in thy sight.” This verse introduces another theme of the novel: the wisdom, purity and redemptive power of children.
Paul Hoffman, writing from Rome for the New York Times, reported:
“For the first time since anyone can remember, people in railroads compartments and espresso bars discuss a book—the Morante novel— rather than the soccer championship or the latest scandal. The critics write endlessly about the meaning of La Storia and the reasons for the exceptional stir it is causing”.
No post-war Italian literary work had ever been as divisive. The only precedent on a smaller scale and involving exclusively a literary debate was Tomasi Di Lampedusa’s posthumous The Leopard in 1958.
Foreign publishers quickly began to buy the rights to translations. A Spanish publisher had advanced $15,000 before Franco’s regime banned the book. In English, the rights were acquired by Alfred Knopf, who published the novel in 1977, in a translation by William Weaver, who at the time lived in Rome and was a close friend of Morante. Unfortunately, the translation was labored and almost broke their friendship.
Even the title was a challenge: La Storia in Italian means both History and the story, and the ambiguity between these two meanings is an essential element of the work. In English, it appeared as History, A Novel, in 1977 as an Alfred Knopf hardcover, and was most recently re-issued in paperback by Steerforth Press in 2000.
By 1974, Italy, torn by ideological wars that followed the uprisings of 1968, was entering a time plagued by terrorism on the left and right, “gli anni di piombo.” The critical debate over History, only thinly veiled the unsophisticated question that was being asked: Is Morante’s novel left or right wing? Is it a new popular and proletarian form of narration or a reactionary bourgeois novel? In truth, no one knew where to place this novel with its anarchist non-violent thrust and its non-Marxist reading of history. As the critic Cesare Garboli recalled:
“The controversy spread to the press. The far left daily paper Il Manifesto, was bitterly divided. The weekly L’Espresso organized pro and con polls among its critics. The weekly La Fiera Letteraria titled “Is it or isn’t it a masterpiece?”
“The whole novel is configured as a comparison between life and History: between one chapter and another of the novel (conceived as annals), there are brief inserts that summarize the objective historical events – from 1941 to 1967 written as a history manual. In the first part of the novel, this gimmick is extraordinary and I would say, “structural”, to the novel. […] Then the”effect” of the confrontation of life with history suddenly becomes lost and expires.”
After penning a negative review, Umberto Eco conceded:
“Perhaps one day we will realize that History was only seemingly a novel aimed at a general public, while in reality, it is a very cultured, very meta-literary one, who knows…”
La Storia is a multilayered novel of gargantuan ambition. One aspect, it seems to me, that has escaped critical attention is the centrality of the Race Laws of 1938. More specifically, the way the Laws impacted the children of mixed marriages, and in particular, those who — removed from direct contact with the Jewish Community — concealed their dark secret, without the relative comfort of sharing their fears and hardships with others. The female protagonist of the novel, as with the author herself, belongs to this category.
Morante describes the devastating sweep of history from the point of view of people whose existence has been reduced to a struggle for food and shelter. At the bottom of the diverse group, we find a middle age school teacher, a single mother, a half-Jew, facing the brutality of the Race Laws with no recourse at all.
Angela Borghesi is Associate Professor in the Pedagogy Department at University of Milano-Bicocca. Her approach to literature is informed by her background in the history of literary criticism. Among her publications are Una storia invisibile Morante, Ortese, Weil. Quodlibet; 2015, Genealogie. Saggi e Interpreti del 900. Quodlibet, 2011; L’officina del mondo, La Nuova Italia 1995; La lotta con l’angelo, Marsilio 1989.
Giorgio Montefoschi is a writer, literary critic, and translator. He has written sixteen novels, many of which are set in his native city of Rome. In 1994 he won the Premio Strega, Italy’s most important literary prize, with La casa del padre. He wrote his graduate thesis on writer Elsa Morante, worked for the Corriere della Sera newspaper and made cultural programs for the Italian public broadcaster RAI. His latest novel, Il buio dell’India, is an essayistic travelogue about a fascinating country and its veiled light.
Born in Lviv, Olek Mincer lives and works in Rome where he founded the Trykot Polish Theater. After receiving his training at the State Jewish Theater in Warsaw, he studied at the Studio Fersen in Rome. Mincer worked in cinema and theater with Jerzy Kawalerowicz, Peter Del Monte, Paolo e Vittorio Taviani, Mel Gibson, Agnieszka Holland and Moni Ovadia. As director, he staged many Yiddish and Polish masterpieces. He is the author of Varsavia, viale di Gerusalemme 45, and Ja, Żyd z Pasji. Mincer translated the first translation into Polish of H. Leivick’s Yiddish masterpiece Golem (Varsavia, Sic!, 2017).
17Oct6:30 pm- 8:00 pmWhen the American Press Flirted with FascismCasa Italiana Zerilli Marimò, 24 West 12 Street, New York, NY 100116:30 pm - 8:00 pm Italian Jewish Studies Seminar:Italian Jewish Studies Seminar
Ruth Ben Ghiat and Alexander Stille
Ruth Ben Ghiat and Alexander Stille in conversation with Mauro Canali on his new research and book La scoperta dell’Italia on American correspondents in Fascist Italy. Respondent to be announced. Co-presented by Casa Italiana Zerilli Marimò, NYU Department of History and Centro Primo Levi.
Prof. Canali will present in Italian with English interpreter.
Mauro Canali’s new research, published as La scoperta dell’Italia, examines the activity, impact, and perspectives of American correspondents in Italy from 1900 to 1945 and the beginnings of the modern tradition of international political journalism.
In the wake of the Great War, a small group of American journalists crossed the Atlantic and settled in Italy, upturning the established practice of North American news agencies to rely on resident English-speaking intellectuals as their sources for European news. These were the founders of modern journalism and the protagonists of what is now known as the golden age of foreign press. They experienced and chronicled the birth of a new era, saw century-old empires swept away and replaced by new nations and witnessed the formation of new European political ideologies: communism, fascism, and Nazism.
American correspondents were baffled by the rise of Mussolini’s movement and had little reference through which to analyze it. Some related it to Italy’s recent past, others proposed audacious and rather imaginative comparisons between the Duce and modern American leaders. Still, others tried to picture an Italian archetype based on a superficial understanding of Italian history and on stereotypes of Italians that came from American popular culture and Italian immigration. Echoes of the victorious Bolshevik revolution was also evident in their writing. The “red scare” and the fear of global upheaval influenced the initial positive reaction to Mussolini.
As Ida Tarbell wrote, it was the March on Rome that made Mussolini newsworthy. Before then, the American press did not dedicate much space to Italian politics. Interviews with Mussolini were not considered important enough for publication. The March on Rome, the first serious strike against Western democracy, was described to American readers in a positive light.
Seeing him as a shield against the Bolshevik danger, the young Ernest Hemingway was initially taken by Mussolini’s charm, while Francis Scott Fitzgerald understood immediately that fascism represented a fatal threat to liberal Europe.
If on the one end, early American reactions stemmed from the political atmosphere at home and a perplexing and hard to decipher new European context, on the other, Mussolini wielded increasingly tight control on American reporters and intellectual. He wanted to ensure that his government would make a positive impression on US readers. He wanted the loyalty of the Italian-American community, through which he could influence attitudes towards Italy in the federal government.
Canali’s research provides an in-depth recollection of the way in which Italian fascist propaganda operated in the international arena. It also brings these topics closer to our times, eliciting a reflection on the role and responsibility of the press in international affairs as well as in the way in which local and global cultures shape one another amidst insight, political pressure, and cultural myopia. While foreign press today operates quite differently from the first decades of the 20th century, some of the dilemmas and challenges of the years may still resonate with today’s foreign correspondents.
22Oct - 26Oct 2210:00 amOct 26Michele Sarfatti. Seminar on the Race Law (1938-2018).Casa Italiana Zerilli Marimò, 24 West 12 Street, New York, NY 1001110:00 am - 12:00 am (26) Italian Jewish Studies Seminar:Italian Jewish Studies Seminar
Seminar. An introduction to the
Seminar. An introduction to the study of Mussolini’s Racial Laws presented by one of the leading scholars in the field. Organized by Centro Primo Levi with Casa Italiana Zerilli Marimò. NYU Departments of Italian and History. Introduced by Ruth Ben Ghiat and David Forgacs.
Sessions will be held on October 22, 24 and 26.
Registration is required: Molly Engelmann (email@example.com). Attendance is free. Please specify date, name and affiliation. These sessions are not open to the general public. Students and faculty from all member institutions of the Inter-university Consortium as well as independent scholars are welcome to participate.
Michele Sarfatti (Historian. Center for Contemporary Jewish Documentation in Milan and member of the Italian delegation of IHRA).
October 22 at 6:30 pm: The Anti-Jewish Legislation of Fascist Italy 1938-1943
Context and background – Fascism. The Jews in Italy. Antecedents and Mussolini’s decision. Italian autonomy in the European context. The relation to the law against the populations of the colonies. The question of the Italian citizenship. The racial and biological paradigm.
October 24 at 6:30 pm: The content of the law.
The goals of the law. Foreign Jews: expulsion and internment. The project of the expulsion of Italian Jews. Places of the persecution: school, culture, professions. The internment of “dangerous” Italian Jews. The question of violence. Reactions in Society.
October 26 at 2:00 pm. The persecution of the Jews in Italy (1943-1945).
The armistice of September 8th, 1943. The German occupation. The Italian social Republic. The German arrests. The Italian arrests. Internment camps in Italy. Massacres and deportations to Auschwitz. Statistics. Underground life and survival. Reactions in society.
Michele Sarfatti is the author of seminal works on the Jews and the anti-Semitic persecution in Modern Italy. His groundbreaking study, The Jews in Mussolini’s Italy: from Equality to Persecution, Madison 2006, drastically changed the way in which historians consider the Mussolini’s Racial Laws and the persecution of the Jews in Italy.
Dr. Sarfatti has been Coordinator of the activities (1982-2002) and Director (2002-2016) of the Fondazione Centro di Documentazione Ebraica Contemporanea CDEC, Milan. He is one of the founding editors of the e-journal Quest. Issues in Contemporary Jewish History. He has been a member of “Commissione Governativa di indagine sui beni degli ebrei in Italia nel periodo delle persecuzioni 1938–1945” (“Commissione Anselmi”), 1998-2001; and of “Commissione Governativa per il recupero del patrimonio bibliografico della comunità ebraica di Roma, razziato nel 1943”, 2003–2008. He is member of Scientific Committees of Fondazione Museo nazionale dell’Ebraismo italiano e della Shoah, Ferrara, and of Fondazione Museo della Shoah, Roma. See also www.michelesarfatti.it.
This seminar is part of a series of programs held on the eightieth anniversary of the promulgation of the Racial Laws.
A collaboration of Centro Primo Levi with NYU Casa Italiana Zerilli Marimò and Department of Italian, The New School for Social Research, Eugene Lang College and the Columbia Seminar for Modern Italian Studies.
23Oct6:00 pm- 8:00 pmMichele Sarfatti, “Jews in Italy and Nazi and Fascist Persecution. Themes for Future Research.”Italian Academy at Columbia University, 1161 Amsterdam Avenue6:00 pm - 8:00 pm Italian Jewish Studies Seminar:Italian Jewish Studies Seminar
This lecture by Michele Sarfatti
This lecture by Michele Sarfatti Introduced by David Kertzer, is sponsored by the Centro Primo Levi, the Italian Academy at Columbia University, and the Columbia University Seminar in Modern Italian Studies, and presented on the occasion of the upcoming publication of a special issue of the Journal of Modern Italian Studies focusing on the 80th anniversary of the implementation of the Racial Laws in Italy. The volume, edited and introduced by Annalisa Capristo and Ernest Ialongo, is in honor of Michele Sarfatti. It pays homage to Sarfatti’s contributions to the study of Italian Fascist antisemitism and highlights the new work done by scholars influenced by Sarfatti’s work.
RSVP: Molly Engelmann firstname.lastname@example.org
Renowned for his groundbreaking research on Italian Jewry, Michele Sarfatti delivers this lecture to mark the upcoming publication of a special issue of the Journal of Modern Italian Studies focusing on the 80th anniversary of the implementation of the Racial Laws in Italy. The volume, edited and introduced by Annalisa Capristo and Ernest Ialongo, honors Michele Sarfatti for his contributions to the study of Italian Fascist antisemitism, and highlights the new work done by scholars influenced by Sarfatti’s work.
Sarfatti’s lecture will examine some aspects of the history of Jews in Italy during the Fascist period and of the history of Nazi and Fascist persecution that have not yet been sufficiently investigated by Italian and international historiography. It therefore functions as a platform for further research. These themes include, among other things, the demography and social status of Italian Jewry, the comparison of European anti-Jewish legislations in the 1930s, and the consequences of the knowledge of the extermination among high-ranking Italian authorities in the early months of 1943.
Michele Sarfatti is the author of seminal works on the Jews and the anti-Semitic persecution in Modern Italy. His groundbreaking study, The Jews in Mussolini’s Italy: From Equality to Persecution, Madison 2006, drastically changed the way in which historians consider Mussolini’s Racial Laws and the persecution of the Jews in Italy. Dr. Sarfatti has been Coordinator of the Activities (1982-2002) and Director (2002-2016) of the Fondazione Centro di Documentazione Ebraica Contemporanea (CDEC), in Milan. He is one of the founding editors of the e-journal Quest. Issues in Contemporary Jewish History. He has been member of “Commissione Governativa di indagine sui beni degli ebrei in Italia nel periodo delle persecuzioni 1938–1945” (“Commissione Anselmi”), 1998-2001; and of “Commissione Governativa per il recupero del patrimonio bibliografico della comunità ebraica di Roma, razziato nel 1943”, 2003–2008. He is a member of the Scientific Committees of Fondazione Museo nazionale dell’Ebraismo italiano e della Shoah, Ferrara, and of Fondazione Museo della Shoah, Roma. See also http://www.michelesarfatti.it/.
David I. Kertzer has been the Dupee University Professor of Social Science since arriving at Brown University in 1992. He is also Professor of Anthropology and Italian Studies. Among his books are Comrades and Christians: Religion and Political Struggle in Communist Italy (Cambridge University Press, 1980); Ritual, Politics, and Power (Yale University Press, 1988); Sacrificed for Honor: Italian Infant Abandonment and the Politics of Reproductive Control (Beacon Press, 1993); Politics and Symbols: The Italian Communist Party and the Fall of Communism (Yale University Press, 1996); The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara (Knopf, 1997) (finalist for the National Book Award for Nonfiction, published in 12 languages); The Popes Against the Jews: The Vatican’s Role in the Rise of Modern Anti-Semitism (Knopf, 2001) (published in 9 languages); Prisoner of the Vatican(Houghton Mifflin, 2004); Amalia’s Tale (Houghton Mifflin, 2008); and The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe (Random House, 2014) (published in 11 languages). In 2015, Kertzer was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Biography for The Pope and Mussolini. In 2005, Kertzer was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is past president of the Social Science History Association and of the Society for the Anthropology of Europe and served as provost of Brown University from 2006 to 2011.