At the end of WWII, Jewish refugees were temporarily hosted in transit camps in Puglia, which had been established under the aegis of the United Nations and the Allied Forces. Many of them were Holocaust survivors who were directed from various European places to DP (Displaced Persons) camps. Refugees remained in Puglia for shorter or longer periods strating in 1944. From there many left for Palestine or the US. These interviews were conducted by Enzo Selleri.